Key figures on Europe - 2016 edition
Eurostat, February 2017.
This publication may be viewed as an introduction to European statistics and provides a starting point for those who wish to explore the wide range of data that is freely on Eurostat’s website. It includes population, living conditions, health, education and employment.
Impact of North Carolina’s Early Childhood Programs
Duke University, november 2016.
The programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group. Effect sizes grew or held steady across years. Positive effects held for both high- and low-poverty families, suggesting spillover of effects to nonparticipating peers.
Has childlessness peaked in Europe?
Éva Beaujouan, Tomáš Sobotka, Zuzanna Brzozowska, Kryštof Zeman - INED, January 2017.
Almost a quarter of European women born in the first decade of the twentieth century had no children. In recent years, the increase has been most notable in southern Europe due to weak family policies combined with persistent gender inequalities that make it difficult for women to reconcile work and family life.
Religion and education around the world
Pew Research Center, 13 December 2016.
Large gaps in education levels persist, but all faiths are making gains – particularly among women. Jews are more highly educated than any other major religious group around the world, while Muslims and Hindus tend to have the fewest years of formal schooling. The study shows wide disparities in average educational levels among religious groups.
The Gender Wage Gap
Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2016.
Gender wage differentials remain substantial and a hot topic in policy debate. Inequalities between men and women are clearly of direct interest in their own right. In addition, poverty is increasingly a problem of low pay rather than lack of employment. The proportion of people in paid work is at a record high, and female employment has risen especially quickly, particularly among lone parents.
EU: Social protection in 2014
Eurostat, 21 December 2016.
Since 2011, social protection expenditure in the European Union (EU) has increased slightly, from 28.3% of GDPin 2011 to 28.7% in 2014, according to data from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In 2014, the two main sources of funding of social protection at EU level were general government contributions from taxes, making up 40% of total receipts, and social contributions at 54%.
Global kids online: Research synthesis 2015-2016
Jasmina Byrne, Daniel Kardefelt Winther, Sonia Livingstone and Mariya Stoilova - Unicef, 25 November 2016.
The many stakeholders responsible for children’s safe and positive use of the internet have an important task to formulate policies that are inclusive, balanced and based on solid evidence. But at present, the evidence on which such policies can rely is very scarce, and this report tries to respond to those evidence gaps.
Population aging and potential growth in Asia
Keisuke Otsu and Katsuyuki Shibayama - Asian Development Review, 2016.
Study of the effects of projected population aging on potential growth in Asian economies over the period 2015–2050. It finds that an increase in the share of the population over 64 years of age will significantly lower output growth through decreased labor participation. Population aging will also reduce economic growth through increased labor income taxes and dampened productivity growth.
Plugged-in parents of tweens and teens
Common Sense Media, 6 December 2016.
This study shows that parents are spending an average of 9 hours and 22 minutes with screen media per day, the study found -and only an hour and a half of that is for work. That means parents use their devices overall as much as their teens and tween. In fact the average parent spends about a half-hour more each day in the glow of screens than the average teen, excluding school or time spent with homework.
Flexible child care and Australian parents’ work and care
Jennifer Baxter, Kelly Hand and Reem Sweid - Australian Institute of Family Studies, November 2016.
This research highlights that decision-making about child care is not straightforward but varied. Future development of child care policy, especially that which attends to care at non-standard hours, needs to be done with consideration of the ways in which parents make decisions about work and care, and the value placed on non-formal care solutions as well as that placed on formal care.