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24 Two-child policy needs multiple support
Stuart Gietel-Basten- China Daily, 9 March 2017.
In China, the government is considering giving “birth rewards and subsidies” to parents to encourage them to have a second child. This revolution in family planning policy –from restricting to encouraging childbearing– is remarkable in terms of both its speed and scope. It also shows how concerned the government is about the state of the country’s demography.
25 Japanese demography: desperately seeking young people
The Economist, 7 January 2017.
In the mid-1990s Japan had a smaller proportion of over-65s than Britain or Germany. Thanks to an ultra-low birth rate, admirable longevity and a stingy immigration policy, it is now by far the oldest country in the OECD. And senescence is spreading to new areas. Many rural Japanese villages have been old for years, because young people have left them for cities. Now the suburbs are greying, too.